Forest Conservation Act (Maryland)

The State of Maryland's Forest Conservation Plan establishes a threshold on forest land and requires either retention on-site, afforestation on-site, afforestation off-site, or a payment to a county compensation fund when development impacts forests. Conserved or afforested areas are permanently conserved in a conservation easement. Off-site forest mitigation banking is authorized in five counties. The law is copmliance-driven and comes into play during the development review process.

Program Statistics

Date Established: 1991 Status: Active Program Type: One-Off Offset
About the program:
Annual size of program (area): 11,013 (acre) Year of Data: 2007
Cumulative size of program (area): 110,131 (acre) Years of Data: 1993 - 2007
Annual payments of program (US$): 13,907 Year of Data: 2002
Cumulative payments of program (US$): 139,068 Years of Data: 1992 - 2002
Notes on program size or payments:

Program size information represents statewide acres retained and planted (retained: 94,599.6, planted: 15,531). The annual figure is the average figure over the 15-year period (1993-2007). Retained acres are under long term protection. Of the retained and planted acres, there are 2,138.6 acres in forest banks. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/forests/programs/urban/pdfs/FCA_15yearreviewRev.pdf. The cumulative payments is at minimum, as this figure represents the amount of money given in grants for replanting projects over a ten year period, with funds coming from the State Forest Conservation Program Fee-In-Lieu Fund. The annual payment is also a minimum amount, and is the average of the ten-year figure mentioned previously. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/forests/download/FCA_10_year_review.pdf

Species or habitat types (if applicable): Forest
Notes: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/forests/programapps/newFCA.asp
Bank regulator information: The Maryland Department of Natural Resources Forest Service administers the FCA, but the law is implemented on a local (County) level. Last Updated: October 1, 2010